Investment in the future – Applications in the present time
The industrial development of the Nano-world is going hand in hand since the discovery of the scanning probe technologies. The microscopic investigation of the Nanostructures of the matter, as well as the knowledge won thereby and the increasing understanding of the selforganization in the atomic and molecular is contributing strongly in the Nano-developments.
Nanotechnology is no new invention. The living beings of our planet are based in essential functions on highly regular structures in the nm range. One can find the bionic nanotechnology with the known Lostus-effect, but also at cell level kick a whole series of nanoscopic machines in action. There is a large number of nanoscopic machines like (Kinesin/Dynein), (scourge apparatuses) and even rotary generators (ATP-Synthase). A way for the exploitation of the nanotechnology leads throuhg the use of these already optimized “protein machines”.
However, Nano- areas can be also reached by the application of more new physical instruments and methods in order to futher reduce the scale of present microsystems. Or by the use of the natural selforganization of molecules and Nanoteilchen. If one succeeds in understanding these atomic and molecular dimensions, new possibilities of the optimization of material qualities and the development of new products can originate.
Primarily, it is important in the Nanotechnology to to understand the makroskopic functions which are determined by the geometry and the chemical qualities deep into the nm-scale.
Insights into the Nano-Cosmos – towards the manipulation a number of operational and analytical tools have been developed. The high quality control of the industrail process and the increase of the production speed was and is a very important point in the Nano-industry-development.
The Scanning Chemical force Microscopy (CFM) has been developed to be one of the most important analytical methods in the area of the Nano-development.